Metal Detectorists, Know The Laws!

For years I have been interested in the history of my State. This interest has lead me to research and metal detecting.

In my view, metal detecting is more than a mere hobby for retired people. It can be very educational of the way people lived in the past and the lessons we can learn.

Part of the research is the legal requirements for metal detecting. In many areas, one is required to obtain a permit on State land.

I also refer to 1906 American Antiquities Act , 16 U.S. Code § 470bb-Definition of Archaeological Resources ,  EDN § 233. State Museum;  collections made by the staff , 16 U.S. Code Chapter 1B – ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES PROTECTION and 16 U.S. Code § 470cc – Excavation and removal .

In the Antiquities Act:

  •    Sec. 3. That permits for the examination of ruins, the excavation of archaeological sites, and the gathering of objects of antiquity upon the lands under their respective jurisdictions may be granted by the Secretaries of the Interior, Agriculture, and War to institutions which the may deem properly qualified to conduct such examination, excavation, or gathering, subject to such rules and regulation as they may prescribe: Provided, That the examinations, excavations, and gatherings are undertaken for the benefit of reputable museums, universities, colleges, or other recognized scientific or educational institutions, with a view to increasing the knowledge of such objects, and that the gatherings shall be made for permanent preservation in public museums.

In 16 U.S. Code § 470cc – Excavation and removal :

  • (a)Application for permit

    Any person may apply to the Federal land manager for a permit to excavate or remove any archaeological resource located on public lands or Indian lands and to carry out activities associated with such excavation or removal. The application shall be required, under uniform regulations under this chapter, to contain such information as the Federal land manager deems necessary, including information concerning the time, scope, and location and specific purpose of the proposed work.

In EDN § 233. State Museum:

  • 4. Except as otherwise provided in subdivision three of this section, no person shall investigate, excavate, remove, injure, appropriate or destroy any object of archaeological, historical, cultural, social, scientific or paleontological interest, situated on, in or under lands owned by the state of New York, without the written permission of the commissioner of education.

The last sentence of the definition of archaeological resource :

  • No item shall be treated as an archaeological resource under regulations under this paragraph unless such item is at least 100 years of age.

In order to metal detect in New York on public land (i.e. State Parks, Nature Preserves), one needs a permit from:

  • the Commissioner of Education
  • the Federal Land Manager
  • the Secretary of the Interior
  • the Secretary of Agriculture
  • the Secretary of War

The criminal sentence for violating EDN § 233. State Museum is a Class A Misdemeanor:

I agree with the permitting process, in the view that State Parks and Nature Preserves should be for the education and enjoyment of future generations.

My question is this, “How many metal detectorists are sending permit requests to the various departments?”

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American Va

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all (people) are endowed with life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

Does this mean or imply that people can harm others? I argue against that reasoning because one is then denying the rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness to others.

But what if one’s “pursuit of happiness” is to harm others? Well, in that case the individuals join together in order to prevent that from happening. Given that the individuals are able to separate from one another again.

But in doing so, the group is denying the individual’s right to happiness of harming others.

So, what is the best solution? Deny the rights of the general people to “life, liberty and happiness” by ensuring the rights of the harmful individual?

In the end, no just society exists without someone’s “rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” being infringed upon.

В Россию с любовью

Будьте благословенны в новом году
Не будь побежден страхом
Там будут трудные времена,
Сохраните вашу веру
Хорошее здоровье для Вас и Вашей семьи


Блажен человек, который снискал мудрость,
И человек, который приобрел разум;
Для ее доход лучше, чем прибыль серебра,
И ее прирост, чем чистого золота.
Она дороже драгоценных камней,
И все вещи, которые вы, возможно, желание не может сравниться с ней.
Длина дней в правой руке,
В левой у нее богатство и слава.
способ ее пути удобств,
И все стези ее мир.
Это древо жизни для тех, кто держит его,
И счастлив каждый, кто сохраняет ее.

Не вводите путь нечестивых,
И не ходи по пути зла.
Избегайте его, не ездят на нем;
Отвернись от него и пройти дальше.
Потому что они не заснут, если они не сделали зла;
И их пропадает сон у них, если они не сделать кого-то падение.
Ибо они едят хлеб беззакония,
И пьют вино насилия

Public vs Police

In the past month, we have seen what happens when hate speech is treated equal to free expression. Specifically, “Pigs in a blanket, Fry them like bacon” and “Kill the police and white people.” I personally do not agree with these statements. They are detrimental to the safety of every citizen, as seen in Dallas members of a rally were also injured. 

Yes, granted there are issues of individual racism in society. However, that does not mean that every single police officer is a racist, nor does it mean that every single person of a skin color is racist. In my opinion, the best solution is to look at the individual and hold them accountable for their actions. That is the whole idea of personal responsibility. When generalizations are made, many that have nothing to do with the issue are affected in a very negative way.

I do support the theory of Black Lives Matter, not the practical application. When there is a higher rate of murder of innocent people within a community, one might want to solve the issues closer to the community before applying solutions outside of the community. 

Why is it that there are not many big name civil rights leaders going into Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles and other predominately Black areas? Might it be due to the problem of theory needing to be revised when the practical application does not work?

I will respect the BLM, and any other activist program for the betterment of communities, when they stop saying slogans/ carrying banners and do some real community work. Real work such as educating the illiterate, organizing community business organizations and other real programs that are not supported by unseen and unaccountable funds. 

Everyone

Open up your mind/ Don’t be afraid to cry/ Everybody telling you all of their own nothing/ Hold me and tell me your everything. I don’t care what they say/ Only words of small minds projecting their own insecurities, too scared to realize real potential.

Real power is within the self. When you resist their need to conform, this will make you stand apart from the crowd. You will see the fear and regret that they did not resist the pressure to assimilate into a senseless pattern of thought. The only response left is to project themselves unto everyone else. After all is said and done, their remains of lives wasted are ifs and wishes. You walk away being firm in resolve to be more than the example of a mind stuck on a path not able to see the other roads that are around.

However, you must try to help them turn from the path of a mind held in muck and mire. It will be their choice to accept or deny your advice. Let them open their mind, listen without as they release what is within. This will be the most difficult part of the exchange as you are being attacked verbally with preconceived notions or uninformed opinions.

Circumcision: Helpful or harmful?

When I realized that my circumcision was not normal, I researched as much as I could. I found that it started due to religious reasons. Later it continued for health reasons, if the intact penis is not cleaned it will become infected.

In current times, people are fighting against Female Genital mutilation. Yet, not so many are fighting against Male Genital mutilation.

Is there a difference between mutilation of Males and Females? If considering  Female mutilation more important an issue than Male mutilation, is this not discrimination?